Mahatma Gandhi is an unrivalled pioneer of goodness. He is the eternal torch-bearer and knowledge to goodness in society anyplace and in every single place. In within the current day’s world, amidst the tremors of conflicts, he stands apart like a colossus, as a result of the ardent apostle of tolerance and tranquillity, peace and harmony.
An untiring follower of the altruistic spirit of the Upanishads and Vaishnavism, he has singularly envisioned and expert “God walking with him and with others in society ~ the joy of equality, humility, non-attachment, the joy in conquering greed, hypocrisy, passion and anger as reflected in the society that stands against the efflorescence of true religion.”
(Robert Paine: The Life and Death of Mahatma Gandhi, p.23) Purity in thought, phrase and deed, as Gandhi as quickly as recognized, are the invaluable components of goodness. Such values for the time being are almost extinct. To be a workaholic is to be ‘good’ in movement, indifferent to the terrific tremors of exhaustion which merely reward one with psychological insensibilities of boredom and isolation.
In a tension-ridden world, man is simply an inhabitant of utter hopelessness and loneliness. Gandhi has distinctly prioritised man and by no means machine which replaces man with a robotic and goodness with actuality. A craze for ultra-modernism crushes the dream of purity and happiness with a necessity for inanity. Gandhi’s thought of goodness, alternatively, is the all-time hope and pathfinder of progressive and enlightened humanity.
It is a constructive step to avert annihilation of man aggravated by greed, hypocrisy, impurity, hatred and violence. Politics with out concepts, wealth with out work, pleasure with out conscience, knowledge with out character, commerce with out morality, science with out humanity, and worship with out sacrifice ~ these seven social sins, as he has seen in Young India, 1925, for the time being are tearing off the entrails of man and society, custom and civilisation, sense and sensibilities.
There is an appalling absence of goodness. Gandhi had means again warned in opposition to this. His imaginative and prescient of Sarvodaya, the awakening of all, upholds the nice of the individual for the nice of all and vice versa. By goodness he categorically asserts that everyone has the proper to reside, robe, dwelling and feed himself. Bereft of these elementary rights, goodness is a fable.
Moreover, the practice of goodness is never a one man’s job. It welcomes and embraces all in extending the warmth of affection and brotherhood, peace and harmony, catholicity of imaginative and prescient and purity in contemplation. Needless to say, the concept of goodness shouldn’t be camouflaged and vitiated in narrowness and vested pursuits.
After his prayer speech at Patna in 1947, he asserted: “Although evil seemed at times to rule the world, the eternal truth was that the world lived so long as goodness resided even in one person.” (D. G. Tendulkar: Mahatma, Publications Division, New Delhi, Vol. 7, p. 377) Love, as Gandhi as quickly as recognized, is the hallmark of goodness.
It is love that crowns the which implies and glory of goodness. How is it attainable to find out the Kingdom of Heaven on this battered and bruised world that hardly cares for love and to be beloved? How is it attainable to do away with anger and hatred, apathy and ignorance? Gandhi’s ever clear reply is non-violence. It is goodness. It on no account betrays humanity. Rather it confirms and consolidates humanity. It is one of the best shield of humane progress and efflorescence. “If we are non-violent through and through,” as he characteristically elucidates,
“Our non-violence would have been self-evident. Nor had been we able to current to the terrorists that we’re larger in our non-violence than they’re of their violence. On the alternative, many individuals made them actually really feel that we had the an identical spirit of violence in our breasts than that they’d.
Only, we did not think about inside the deeds of violence. The terrorists rightly argued that if the spirit of violence was frequent to every, the protection of perpetrating or not perpetrating violence was a matter of opinion.
I needn’t repeat what I had said sooner than, that the nation has made good strides in route of non-violence and that many have exhibited good braveness and self-sacrifice. All I want to say is that ours had not been unadulterated non-violence in thought, phrase and deed. It is now my paramount obligation to plan strategies and strategy of exhibiting demonstrably to the Government and the terrorists the efficacy of non-violence as a means of achieving the proper issue along with freedom within the appropriate sense of the time interval.”
“For this experiment to which my full life is devoted, I would really like full detachment and absolute freedom of movement. Satyagraha of which civil resistance is nevertheless a component is to me a typical regulation of life. Truth is my God. I can solely search Him by non-violence and in no totally different method. And the freedom of my nation, as of the world, is definitely included inside the look for Truth.
I cannot droop this look for one thing on this world or one different.” (Ibid., Vol. three, p.298) Truly, goodness stands for reality, non-violence and love. In totally different phrases, it is truth-force, soul-force and love-force. It heightens man in honouring and cultivating the finer feelings and nobler sensibilities of life almost misplaced now inside the technique of de-living or sham residing.
What an irony. Goodness as Gandhi envisions and manifests, encompasses a seven-fold reality.
First, it is for the welfare of all and on no account a gift or a mockery inside the title of human behaviour.
Second, the nice of all is unquestionably the nice of the individual and vice versa.
Third, in the easiest manifestation of goodness, each explicit individual is an inseparable and unavoidable companion.
Four, the decency and decorum inherent in goodness ought to be an abiding and stimulating take into consideration precept and observe.
Five, the energising principle of goodness is spontaneity. It ought to always be remembered that goodness cannot be taught nevertheless can solely be caught. As such, it is on no account pressured however it always comes out of an inside and deeper urge for upholding the true id of man.
Six, goodness always upholds adherence, devotion and dedication. There isn’t any fast scale back to it.
Seven, to be clear and crystallised is to be on the right avenue of goodness. It is invaluable not only for the present however as well as for the long run and the previous.
It ought to be rooted to life and work even beneath the unfathomable sea, as a result of it had been, of confusion and constraints. “My life,” as Gandhi remarks, “is my message”. It stands for heralding the true philosophy of goodness.
(The writer is retired Professor of Education, Visva-Bharati University)
(To be concluded)
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